One of the first reading skills is called phonological awareness. It’s the ability to recognize and use sounds in spoken language. Kids rely on that ability to sound out (decode) words.
Kids with reading challenges like dyslexia typically have trouble with this skill. Speech-language therapy can help them hear that the word bat breaks down into b, a, and t sounds. This can improve reading comprehension skills and encourage kids to read.
Difficulty with language can also cause problems with reading comprehension. SLPs work on those skills, too.
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