Nonverbal learning disabilities

7 Terms to Know If Your Child Struggles With Nonverbal Learning Disabilities

By Erica Patino

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The lingo that learning specialists use when describing nonverbal learning disabilities can be confusing. Here are some key terms and phrases to help you understand nonverbal learning issues.

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Nonverbal communication

Forms of communication that aren’t just words. They include facial expressions, body language and tone of voice. Kids with NVLD often miss or misread these cues. They tend to have trouble with playful or nonliteral uses of words and get tripped up by things like sarcasm, puns or irony.

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Social competency

The ability to fit in socially and bond with other people. Social competency depends on having a strong set of social skills, including initiating conversations, taking turns and accurately reading social cues.

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Developmental delays

Reaching milestones—such as taking a first step or speaking clearly—late. Delays in reaching early milestones are often correlated with delays in the development of future motor, cognitive (thinking) and language skills.

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Abstract reasoning

The type of thinking that helps to process, analyze and draw conclusions from information. Kids who are weak in this area may be able to successfully read a paragraph out loud but have trouble explaining what it means.

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Motor skills

The ability to coordinate and carry out movement. Activities that require fine motor skills (small movements) include handwriting, typing and cutting with scissors. Activities that require gross motor skills (large movements) include kicking, throwing, catching and running.

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Spatial skills

The ability to understand where two things are in relation to each other in a physical space. Spatial skills help with tasks like reading maps, telling time, understanding abstract concepts in math and science and sensing physical proximity (such as knowing how close to get to a soccer ball to be able to kick it and how close to stand to a classmate without making him feel uncomfortable).

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Auditory retention

Your child’s ability to remember what she’s heard. Kids with NVLD have a sharp memory for spoken information and a large vocabulary. But they may not discuss it in a socially appropriate way or know which parts to share. Social skills classes may help your child learn to sort through information and only share what’s relevant and appropriate.

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About the Author

Portrait of Erica Patino

Erica Patino

Erica Patino is an online writer and editor who specializes in health and wellness content.

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Reviewed by Mark Griffin, Ph.D. Dec 16, 2013 Dec 16, 2013

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