By Amanda Morin
If you or your spouse is in the military and you have a child with learning and attention issues, what are your options? The military has its own way of serving you and your child. Here’s what you need to know.
It’s required if your child needs special education services. EFMP is there to help you and your family find the services and support you need from military and non-military agencies.
Try to get familiar with special education rights and responsibilities for military families. Many kids attend public schools while their parents are in the military. But some attend schools run by the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA). There are similarities and differences between special education services in DoDEA schools and public schools.
If you’re having trouble navigating the system, put in a request for a DoDEA case manager. DoDEA special education services aren’t the same as in public schools. Working with someone who knows the system can be very helpful.
Military families are likely to switch schools more frequently than other families. It’s important to keep your child’s information and records organized and up-to-date. The military has a system called the Special Care Organizational Records that may be helpful.
Stay in touch with your child’s teachers. Together you can document efforts to help your child. For example, using a communication notebook (a notebook that goes back and forth between the teacher and you) can help both of you keep track of strategies that are working well (or not so well) at home and at school. This can be especially helpful to reference if your child is transferred to a new school.
The more you know about your child’s specific issues and needs, the better you can advocate for him. For example, if your child has writing issues and needs assistive technology to help him write, it’s important to know that. You can help make sure all his information and needs are recorded as part of your child’s Individualized Education Program (IEP). That IEP will transfer to a new school if you are relocated.
Service in the military may mean that you’re not always on base. But try to attend meetings as often as your schedule allows. The military encourages family involvement. So getting time off might be easier than you think. You can ask your DoDEA case manager to come with you if you’re concerned about a smooth transfer of service to another school. If you’re deployed, make sure your child’s guardian attends the meeting and fills you in.
Make sure your child is aware of his services. This way he can keep you informed about what’s going on in the classroom. As he gets older, it’s important that he learn to self-advocate, or speak up for what he needs.
This is an electronic newsletter for military families in the EFMP. It gives families the latest news on the military and special needs.
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A parent advocate and former teacher, Amanda Morin is the proud mom of kids with learning and attention issues and the author of The Everything Parent’s Guide to Special Education.
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@Ewebr11: The process for getting your child evaluated if you are a military family depends on whether your child attends a DoDEA school or a public school. If your child attends public school, the process is the same as it would be for any other child in a public school--you have to speak with the school and put a request for an evaluation in writing. Here are some pieces that can help you with that process:
7 Steps to Take Before Requesting a Formal Evaluation
Sample Letters for Requesting Evaluations and Reports
If your child attends a DoDEA school, there's a similar, but slightly different process. You would need to speak with your child's teacher or guidance counselor to express your concerns and the school. DoDEA policy then "calls for teachers to try a variety of educational interventions, accommodations, modifications, and other strategies to remediate or address your child’s needs before considering special education."
The DoDEA has a really helpful publication for parents called "Parent Handbook on Special Education," from which that quote originates. You can find it here:
There's also an organization called Specialized Training of Military Parents (STOMP) that provides information about parent rights in regard to special education services for military children. It can provide you with more specific information based on your situation and location.
Please let us know if we can point you to further information!
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