Special education basics

9 Tips to Help Military Families Navigate the System

By Amanda Morin

7Found this helpful
7Found this helpful

If you or your spouse is in the military and you have a child with learning and attention issues, what are your options? The military has its own way of serving you and your child. Here’s what you need to know.

1 of 9

Sign up for the Exceptional Family Member Program (EFMP).

It’s required if your child needs special education services. EFMP is there to help you and your family find the services and support you need from military and non-military agencies.

2 of 9

Do some homework.

Try to get familiar with special education rights and responsibilities for military families. Many kids attend public schools while their parents are in the military. But some attend schools run by the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA). There are similarities and differences between special education services in DoDEA schools and public schools.

3 of 9

Don’t hesitate to ask for help.

If you’re having trouble navigating the system, put in a request for a DoDEA case manager. DoDEA special education services aren’t the same as in public schools. Working with someone who knows the system can be very helpful.

4 of 9

Keep track of your child’s records.

Military families are likely to switch schools more frequently than other families. It’s important to keep your child’s information and records organized and up-to-date. The military has a system called the Special Care Organizational Records that may be helpful.

5 of 9

Develop a relationship with your child’s teachers.

Stay in touch with your child’s teachers. Together you can document efforts to help your child. For example, using a communication notebook (a notebook that goes back and forth between the teacher and you) can help both of you keep track of strategies that are working well (or not so well) at home and at school. This can be especially helpful to reference if your child is transferred to a new school.

6 of 9

Understand your child’s learning and attention issues.

The more you know about your child’s specific issues and needs, the better you can advocate for him. For example, if your child has writing issues and needs assistive technology to help him write, it’s important to know that. You can help make sure all his information and needs are recorded as part of your child’s Individualized Education Program (IEP). That IEP will transfer to a new school if you are relocated.

7 of 9

Be involved in your child’s IEP meetings.

Service in the military may mean that you’re not always on base. But try to attend meetings as often as your schedule allows. The military encourages family involvement. So getting time off might be easier than you think. You can ask your DoDEA case manager to come with you if you’re concerned about a smooth transfer of service to another school. If you’re deployed, make sure your child’s guardian attends the meeting and fills you in.

8 of 9

Encourage your child to speak up.

Make sure your child is aware of his services. This way he can keep you informed about what’s going on in the classroom. As he gets older, it’s important that he learn to self-advocate, or speak up for what he needs.

9 of 9

Subscribe to “The Exceptional Advocate.”

This is an electronic newsletter for military families in the EFMP. It gives families the latest news on the military and special needs.

View the tips again

5 Important Things to Do Before an IEP Meeting

Preparation is the key to being an effective, confident advocate at your child’s IEP meetings. Here are five important things to do before an IEP meeting.

6 Ways to Boost Confidence and Reduce Frustration With the IEP Process

Are you uncertain about the IEP process and IEP meetings? These tips can help you get familiar with IEPs and build your confidence.

About the Author

Portrait of Amanda Morin

Amanda Morin is a parent advocate, a former teacher and the author of The Everything Parent’s Guide to Special Education.

Reviewed by

Portrait of Kylah Torre

Kylah Torre is an instructor in the department of special education at Hunter College.

Did you find this helpful?

What’s New on Understood