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What is dyslexia? This one-page fact sheet provides essential information for beginners. You can read the fact sheet online, or print it out and give it to friends, family and teachers. (Click on the download link below to print the fact sheet.)

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Dyslexia Fact Sheet.

Dyslexia is a brain-based issue that makes it hard to learn to read accurately and fluently. A lifelong condition. Kids don’t outgrow dyslexia, but with the right support, key skills can improve. A common learning issue. Many successful people have it, and researchers have been studying it for over a century.

Dyslexia is not a problem of intelligence. Kids with dyslexia are just as smart as their peers. A problem of vision. The core issue involves understanding how the sounds in words are represented by letters. A problem of laziness. Kids with dyslexia are already trying hard. They need more help to make progress.

Kids with dyslexia may have trouble with writing, spelling, learning a foreign language, decoding (sounding out) written words, understanding what they read, rhyming, solving word problems in math, recognizing common words (sight words), and reading smoothly.

Ways to help kids with dyslexia.

Multisensory structured literacy instruction engages kids through sight, hearing, movement and touch.
Accommodations help kids learn and show what they know, like doing an oral report instead of a written assignment.
Assistive technology tools, like audiobooks and text-to-speech apps, can help level the playing field for struggling readers.

Success stories.
Salma Hayek, Oscar-nominated actress.
Daymond John, Shark Tank star and CEO of FUBU.
Carol Greider, Nobel Prize–winning scientist.

For more information on dyslexia and how to help, visit slash dyslexia
Dyslexia Fact Sheet
Dyslexia Fact Sheet

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About the Author

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The Understood Team is composed of writers, editors and community moderators, many of whom have children with learning and attention issues.

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Margie Gillis, Ed.D., is the founder and president of Literacy How, which provides professional development for teachers on research-based reading practices in the classroom.

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