At a glance
Not all students are eligible for extended school year (ESY) services.
ESY services are customized to meet each child’s specific needs.
Not all kids with IEPs need ESY services.
You might be wondering if your child with an Individualized Education Program (IEP) can receive special education services during the summer. These services are known as extended school year (ESY) services and are an option for some students. Here’s what you should know about ESY services.
In 2021, some kids will qualify for “compensatory services” if, due to the pandemic, the school was unable to provide the services called for in an IEP. This is not the same thing as ESY. Check with your district.
What is ESY?
ESY services are not the same thing as summer school. They’re specialized instruction or related services that are part of a child’s . If your child receives ESY services, they’re at no cost to you, under FAPE.
ESY services are provided when school is not typically in session. That’s often during the summer. But for some kids it can also be during other extended breaks, like winter vacation.
The services are individualized to help each child maintain skills and not lose the progress made toward goals. For some kids, this may mean one-on-one tutoring. For others, it may be a few sessions of occupational therapy or speech therapy each week. What ESY looks like for your child is a decision made by the IEP team.
Who is eligible for ESY?
ESY isn’t guaranteed for all students who have IEPs. (And not all kids with IEPs need it.) The lets each state or school district set its own rules for eligibility. So the standards vary from place to place.
In many states, kids with learning and thinking differences are unlikely to get ESY services. But it’s important to check with your state’s department of education. It can tell you what the standards are where you live.
IDEA does say that schools can’t limit ESY services to kids with certain challenges. For example, a school can’t decide to not give services to kids with . It also can’t give services only to kids with , for instance.
What does an IEP team consider to figure out if ESY services are needed?
If your child is eligible, the IEP team may talk about ESY services. The main issues the team looks at are regression (losing skills) and recoupment (the time needed to relearn skills). The questions the team considers are:
- Will your child lose critical skills without continued support and teaching?
- Will it take a long time for your child to regain those skills — longer than it would take a child without a learning difference?
If your child has a history of regressing and struggling to relearn, the IEP team will take that into account. If there’s no data, it can be harder to make a decision. But there are some questions the team may ask to help predict how likely your child is to regress. These include:
- Has your child had difficulty retaining skills over shorter breaks?
- Does your child have known challenges with ?
- Does your child need continual reinforcement to keep skills during the regular school year?
- Does your child have behavior challenges that get in the way of learning during the school year? Will that be a problem next year without continued support over the summer?
- Is your child making steady progress toward meeting IEP goals? And will a break in services threaten that progress?
- Is your child just beginning to master a critical skill, such as learning to read?
How can kids get help during the summer?
Even though not all kids are eligible for ESY services, every IEP team should discuss the option. If you think your child might need ESY, bring it up at your child’s next meeting.
You might ask the team to get your child’s teachers to assess any regression or recoupment issues your child has after the shorter school breaks during the year. It’s also helpful to make sure your child is assessed after summer breaks. That can help the team plan for the next summer.
Eligibility for ESY may vary by state or by school district.
If the IEP team thinks your child may lose academic skills over the summer, it may recommend ESY.
Even without ESY, you can help your child keep learning throughout the summer.
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About the author
About the author
Amanda Morin is the director of thought leadership at Understood and author of “The Everything Parent’s Guide to Special Education.” She worked as a classroom teacher and early intervention specialist for more than a decade.
Bob Cunningham, EdM serves as executive director of learning development at Understood.