At a glance
Related services help kids meet educational goals, but these services aren’t necessarily specialized instruction.
Related services are typically part of a child’s Individualized Education Program (IEP).
Some kids receive related services through a 504 plan.
Learn more about these types of services and how kids who learn and think differently get them.
What are related services?
Related services are most often part of an IEP. Kids usually get them along with some sort of specialized instruction, as part of special education. But in some schools, they are the special instruction. That may happen when a child doesn’t get any other services.
The main goal of these services isn’t to offer special education. It’s to help kids benefit from general education. They help make it easier for kids to participate in class and in afterschool activities.
For some kids, that might mean transportation services. For others, it’s the help the classroom teacher gets from a professional to create and use a behavior plan.
How students qualify for related services
Often, related services go hand in hand with special education. But some kids might only need the related service.
Different states and school districts deal with this in different ways. The federal law says states can decide to allow related services to be the only form of special education a child gets. In that case, the related service is a child’s specialized instruction.
There may be other cases where kids don’t qualify for special education. But they can still get related services under . This might happen when a child’s challenges don’t have an effect on learning.
Here’s an example. A child with dyspraxia may need occupational therapy to help with motor planning. But this child doesn’t need academic help. So occupational therapy may be provided under a 504 plan instead of an IEP.
What related services can include
Related services are as varied and individual as the kids who use them. The federal special education law, , lists the following as possible related services:
- Speech-language and audiology services
- Interpreting services
- Psychological services
- Occupational and
- Recreation, including therapeutic recreation
- Early identification and evaluation of disabilities in children
- Counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling
- Orientation and mobility
- Medical services (but only for diagnostic or evaluation purposes, not for ongoing treatment)
- School health and/or school nurse services
- Social work services
- Parent counseling and training
It’s important to know that if there’s a service your child needs and it’s not on the list, such as , IDEA says the team should consider it.
Speech-language, occupational, and physical therapy are all examples of related services.
IDEA names many types of related services, but a child’s team decides which services are necessary.
In some cases, related services are the only special education services a child might need.
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About the author
About the author
Amanda Morin is the author of “The Everything Parent’s Guide to Special Education” and the former director of thought leadership at Understood. As an expert and writer, she helped build Understood from its earliest days.
Andrea M. Spencer, PhD has extensive leadership experience in programs serving student with disabilities and at risk of failure.