What is a 504 plan?

A 504 plan is a blueprint for how the school will support a student with a disability and remove barriers to learning. The goal is to give the student equal access at school.

What is a 504 plan?

504 plans are formal plans that schools develop to give kids with disabilities the support they need. That covers any condition that limits daily activities in a major way.

These plans prevent discrimination. And they protect the rights of kids with disabilities in school. They’re covered under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. This is a civil rights law.

504 plans aren’t part of special education. So, they’re different from IEPs. 504 plans and IEPs are covered by different laws and work in different ways. But the end goal is the same: to help students thrive in school. (Learn more about the difference between IEPs and 504 plans.)

One way 504 plans do that is through accommodations. For example, they might give extended time on tests or the ability to leave the classroom for short breaks. It’s less common, but some may also provide services like speech-language therapy or study skills classes.

Schools typically create written 504 plans. But they’re not required to. There are no set rules for what a 504 plan should look like, or what it should include. The only things schools have to put in writing are their policies on 504 plans.

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What’s in a 504 plan

504 plans often include accommodations. These can include:

  • Changes to the environment (like taking tests in a quiet space)

  • Changes to instruction (like checking in frequently on key concepts)

  • Changes to how curriculum is presented (like getting outlines of lessons)

Accommodations don’t change what kids learn, just how they learn it. The goal is to remove barriers and give kids access to learning.

Accommodations address specific challenges. A child with ADHD who’s easily distracted might get a seat at the front of the class. A child with dyslexia might be allowed to use text-to-speech technology. And a student with slow processing speed might get extra time on tests.

Some kids may get services to help build skills. One example is occupational therapy. Some might get supports for social and emotional challenges.

While it’s rare, 504 plans can provide modifications. Unlike accommodations, modifications do change what a student is taught or is expected to learn. Students might get fewer homework assignments, for instance. Or they may be graded in a different way than their classmates.

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How to get a 504 plan

The process for getting a 504 plan is different, and simpler, than the process for getting an IEP. But it varies from school district to school district

Kids don’t need to get a full evaluation to get a 504 plan. But many do. In fact, schools often suggest a 504 plan if a child doesn’t qualify for special education but needs support.

With 504 plans, schools look at information about a student from a few different sources. One source might be a medical diagnosis. Schools might also look at the student’s grades, test scores, and teacher recommendations.

Families or schools can request a 504 plan through the school district’s 504 coordinator. This person may also be the IEP coordinator. (Ask the principal if you’re not sure who to contact.) The request must be in writing. The school will then hold a meeting to decide if the child qualifies and what supports are appropriate.

Dive Deeper

504 plans are covered by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Under this civil rights law, students have the right to a free appropriate public education (FAPE). And that’s the whole point of 504 plans: to give students access to the same education their peers are getting. (FAPE is also guaranteed under the special education law IDEA.)

Parents and guardians have fewer rights and safeguards in the 504 process than in the IEP process, though. For instance, schools don’t need to invite them to participate in creating the plan or to go to 504 meetings. (Most schools do this anyway.)

But families have the right to be notified when their child is evaluated or identified with a disability. They also have the right to see all of their child’s records. And if they have a dispute about the 504 process, they have the right to complain.

The 504 process has fewer protections than the special education process. But families can still play an important role by staying involved and making sure kids with disabilities get the same education as kids who don’t.

For families: Explore our guide to 504 plans and your child.

For educators: Check out our 504 plan guide for teachers.

Key takeaways

  • 504 plans are designed to help kids with disabilities learn alongside their peers.

  • A 504 plan isn’t the same as an IEP.

  • There are fewer safeguards in the 504 plan process than in the IEP process, so it’s important to be proactive.


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