IEP transition planning: Preparing for young adulthood
Andrew M.I. Lee, JD
At a Glance
Transition planning helps kids with IEPs prepare for life after high school.
Under federal law, transition planning must start by the time your child turns 16.
Planning is about more than just college — it covers jobs and daily life skills too.
For teens with learning and thinking differences, thinking about life after high school can be daunting. If your child has an
Individualized Education Program
(IEP), however, the school is required to help them plan for the future.
Transition planning is a formal process for helping kids with IEPs figure out what they want to do after high school and how to get there. It’s required by the
IEP transition planning is more than just a hopeful exercise or brainstorming session. During planning, your child will work on specific goals. Your child will also receive services to help achieve these goals.
Under IDEA, a student’s IEP must include transition services by the time they turn 16. However, planning often starts earlier. Many
begin working with students as early as middle school to help them explore their interests and possible careers.
In fact, the law requires the IEP team to invite your child to meetings where transition planning is discussed. When kids can’t attend, the team must make sure their interests and desires are considered. And at least a year before a teen turns the age of majority — 18 in most states — the team must start
preparing for the transfer of IEP rights
Some transition services can only be provided by outside organizations — not the school. So during transition planning, the circle of people involved in your child’s IEP meetings may expand to include people from the community. These may include counselors, employment agency staff and job specialists.
The IEP transition plan
At the heart of the transition process is the transition plan. This is a required part of a student’s IEP. To develop this plan, the IEP team will work with your child to
and interests. These, in turn, will guide planning.
The transition plan has two parts: postsecondary goals and transition services.
These goals state what your child wants to do or achieve after high school. Goals can be in four areas:
annual IEP goals
, transition goals must be written with a result in mind. They must also be measurable. In other words, you have to be able to know if the goals have been accomplished.
Goals may be more general for kids in middle school and starting high school. They become more specific as kids enter later grades.
For example, a transition goal for an eighth grader might be: After high school, I will work full time in a career working with cars.
An example of a goal for a 10th grader might be: After graduating from high school, I will enroll at ABC College (an automotive technician school) and take classes to prepare me for a career as a mechanic.
A goal shouldn’t just reflect a hope or desire. And it must specifically refer to after high school. For instance, the following transition goal isn’t appropriate because, even though it reflects a desire, it could apply to high school: I really want to work with cars.
Keep in mind that transition goals may change several times as your child’s interests develop. Transition goals are reviewed and updated every year, along with the rest of the IEP. When graduating or leaving high school, your child will get what’s called a
summary of performance
. This document lists academic and functional skills, and offers recommendations for achieving postsecondary goals.
Once transition goals are set, the IEP team will decide what services your child needs to meet goals. The range of possible services is very broad. It can include:
These services must be reviewed and updated each year to support your child’s transition goals. Again, services may change over time to reflect your child’s developing interests. In addition to services, the IEP team may list
Most communities have a variety of resources to help students with the transition process. Examples are local youth employment programs and summer jobs for youth programs. Local vocational centers also offer training in many occupations.
The team may also use IEP goals to support the transition plan. For instance, a child who wants to attend auto mechanic school may first need to learn specific math skills. As a result, the team may need to set IEP goals and provide school services related to math.
Some transition services can take place at school. But often, transition services are provided at home or in the community. Or they may require activities outside of school.
Transition goals related to independent living may involve having your child take on responsibilities. Here are some examples of what kids may learn to do in preparation for adulthood:
Transition planning is the key to making school relevant to your child’s future life as an adult. Together, the IEP team and your child will set postsecondary goals, choose activities, and connect with the necessary resources and services.
For more information, watch as an expert shares tips for working on your child’s transition plan.