By Kristin Stanberry
Federal law defines what an Individualized Education Program (IEP) is, but the details can be tricky. Myths and false assumptions about IEPs abound. Here are five common misconceptions—and the facts about each.
Fact: To qualify for special education services (and an IEP), a student must meet two criteria. First, he must be formally diagnosed as having a disability as defined under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This federal law covers 13 categories of disability, one of which is “specific learning disabilities.” Second, the school must determine that a student needs special education services in order to make progress in school and learn the general education curriculum. Not all students with disabilities meet both criteria. Learn more about the process of getting an IEP with our IEP Roadmap.
Fact: The IEP is a legal contract, so the school is required to provide the services and supports it promises for your child. But teachers and administrators are busy—and human—so sometimes details are overlooked or forgotten. Part of your role as your child’s advocate is to make sure he’s getting the services and accommodations outlined in his IEP. Monitor his schoolwork, test scores and attitude toward school. If things seem off track, meet with his teacher to discuss the situation. Explore other ways you can assess whether your child’s IEP is being followed.
Fact: The IEP (and the services it guarantees) will end when the student graduates from high school. Special education doesn’t extend to college or the workplace. The IEP team is required to work with the student to create a transition plan as part of his IEP. This plan will focus on the student’s future goals and help him prepare for young adulthood.
Fact: Federal law requires that children with IEPs be placed in the least restrictive environment. This means students should spend as little time as possible outside the general education classroom. The IEP may specify services and accommodations your child needs to succeed in the general education class. If students spend time in a “resource room” or special education class, that will be listed in the IEP.
Fact: According to federal law (IDEA), parents are full and equal members of their child’s IEP team. This means that you have a say in how your child’s IEP is crafted. Even if you’re not an expert on special education, you are an expert when it comes to understanding your child’s needs! Your intimate knowledge of your child’s development, strengths and challenges, home life and activities outside of school are extremely valuable for developing the IEP.
After an IEP meeting, you need to take care of some details. These can vary from one meeting to the next. Here are five important things to do after an IEP meeting.
Emotions can run high at IEP meetings. But it’s important to focus on the end goal: helping your child. Here are 10 stay-calm phrases you can use to redirect conversation and defuse tense situations.
Kristin Stanberry is a writer and editor specializing in parenting, education and consumer health/wellness.
Jan 16, 2014
Jan 16, 2014
6 Ways to Boost Confidence and Reduce Frustration With the IEP Process
At a Glance: Who’s on the IEP Team
How Do I Get My Child’s IEP Going at the Beginning of the School Year?
Checklist: Questions to Ask Before and During Your Child’s IEP Meeting
Video: What Is an IEP?
Download: IEP Goal Tracker
Great info for parents! Point of clarification: Myth #3 makes it sound like if a student doesn't graduate high school at the traditional time, they'll stop receiving special education services. However, special education services are available for those individuals who qualify between the ages of birth & 21. Generally, students who complete 12th grade, but still need services will go into a Transitions program.
Thank you for your comment, @nllarsen! We've passed it along to our editorial team.
thank you this is just how I am approaching my grandson's IEP's Hollister school district has challenged me and have does crooked things in manipulating the law and I caught them so they kind of give me a wide berth now. being informed about the districts 504 plan and it's alignment with state and federal rules is crucial
As we celebrate LD, ADHD and Dyslexia Awareness Months, we’re launching a special campaign to help you and your child #BeUnderstood.
How does the brain of a child with dyslexia work differently? Watch this video to find out.
Bedwetting can be a problem for kids with ADHD. An expert explains.
Find out which learning and attention issues affect time management skills, and how to help.
Oct 25th at 1:00 pm
School was a struggle for her son. And saying “have a good day” seemed to make things worse.
Follow the steps to learn what documents you need and what order to put them in.
Learn the role of hot and cool executive functioning skills and how to help your child build them.
A Houston newspaper reports that Texas has denied special education services to thousands of students.
Sign up for your weekly email newsletter, for you and your family.
This email is already subscribed to Understood newsletters. If you haven't been receiving anything, add email@example.com to your safe-senders list.
Don’t worry—we saved what you wrote.
Sign up to get personalized recommendations and connect with parents and experts in our community.
Only members can view and participate in conversations.
Child’s nickname is private and only you can see it.