Tips to teach reading to kids with dyslexia
- Quick tip 1Make reading multisensory.Make reading multisensory.
Help connect letters and sounds by engaging the senses, like writing a word in shaving cream while sounding it out.
What’s the best way to teach kids with dyslexia how to read? The most helpful approach is called structured literacy. This way of teaching reading is:
- Systematic: Reading skills are taught in a logical order. Kids have to master the basics before moving on to more complex skills. Example: A teacher makes sure kids can blend two letter-sounds before asking them to find those blends in words.
- Explicit: Teaching is clear and direct. There’s no guesswork. Example: A teacher points to each letter in the word sit and says, “The first sound is /s/, the next sound is /ĭ/, and the last sound is /t/.”
- Diagnostic: Teachers constantly assess students to make sure they’re mastering concepts before moving on. Instruction is individualized. Example: After working on blending sounds, a teacher notices one student needs more practice.
Structured literacy helps all kids learn to read. But it’s extra helpful for kids with dyslexia, who often have trouble with the basic skills of reading. Structured literacy helps kids build a solid foundation so they can develop more advanced reading skills.
See a structured literacy lesson for grade-schoolers and middle-schoolers.
6 core skills of structured literacy
Orton–Gillingham and multisensory reading programs
For parents and caregivers: What to do next
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About the author
About the author
Julie Rawe is the special projects editor at Understood.
Bob Cunningham, EdM serves as executive director of learning development at Understood.