By Lexi Walters Wright
Does your grade-schooler have difficulty “reading” other people’s body language? Does she misunderstand what’s happening in social situations? Here’s how you can help your child pick up on common social cues.
Encourage your child to look at your eyes when you two talk. When she’s focused on your face, she can see your expressions change. (Make sure your eyes are on her when she speaks to you, too.) Ask her what your expressions mean. If she doesn’t know, explain the message you were sending.
Give your child your full attention when you’re talking to her. By doing so, you’re setting a great example. Save texting and checking your email for another time. Try not to let your mind wander. If you notice your child spacing off when you’re speaking to her, gently guide her back: “Can you please look at my face when I’m talking to you?”
Help your child realize how expressive her own face can be. This can help her notice other people’s facial expressions. You might say, “Your eyebrows are raised. Are you feeling surprised?” or “That’s a big smile. Tell me what you’re so happy about.”
Help your child begin to see what the people around her are “saying” with their bodies. Playing charades can be a fun way to get kids thinking about communicating through their bodies. Also, point out the behavior of people you see: “The man in that line is tapping his foot and fidgeting. How do you think he feels?” Talk through how characters on TV are feeling based on their body language.
How your child talks on the playground to friends shouldn’t be the same as how she’d address the principal. Kids who have trouble with social cues might not realize this. Talk with your child about the different people she interacts with regularly. Who might get a high five? Who gets a more formal hello?
Some kids have trouble noticing changes in voice, sometimes called inflections. When that happens, your child might miss a bigger message because she’s taking speech too literally. So help her notice nuances in pitch and tone. Talk through how the same statement (for example, “Can you please get the mail”) can be a simple request or an angry demand, depending on how you say it.
If your child can read aloud well, have her read to you regularly. Choose stories that have lots of dialogue. That way she can practice changing her voice depending on how the character is feeling or what he’s trying to say. If your child doesn’t read well, you can read stories to her that have lots of dialogue or take out an audiobook from the library.
Kids who have trouble with social cues can benefit from practicing everyday interactions. Try role-playing different situations with your child. Respond to things she says or does using body language and expressions. Ask your child what messages you’re sending out and how she might react to them.
Many kids are starting to form their first real friendships in preschool. But others don’t seem to know how. Here are ways to help your preschooler through the process of making friends.
There’s a lot that goes into making and keeping friends. If your grade-schooler struggles with social skills, he may need some coaching on how to connect with other kids. Here are some ways you can help.
Lexi Walters Wright is veteran writer and editor who helps parents make more informed choices for their children and for themselves.
Molly Algermissen, Ph.D., is an associate professor of medical psychology at Columbia University Medical Center and clinical director of PROMISE.
At a Glance: Trouble Picking Up on Social Cues in Preschool
At a Glance: Trouble Picking Up on Social Cues in Grade School
At a Glance: Helping Your Child Learn to Read Facial Expressions
At a Glance: Trouble Picking Up on Social Cues in High School
At a Glance: Helping Your Child Notice Voice Pitch and Tone
At a Glance: Teaching Your Child About Personal Space
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