I’m glad you asked this. It’s something that baffles a lot of parents and caregivers. Counting seems so basic that many people don’t realize how much goes into it.
Counting involves many small but critical skills. Together, these skills are sometimes called number sense. This is the ability to understand what numbers are and how they work—without thinking about it.
For example, kids with number sense naturally understand concepts like amounts and what more and less mean. They know there are symbols for numbers, like 5 means five things.
To count well, kids also need to learn and remember those symbols. That requires a skill called working memory.
You can take notes on what you’re seeing at home and then ask what the teacher is seeing at school. Is counting the only area your child struggles with? What can help your child improve?
There are things you can do to help at home, too. It helps to give kids small objects to move as they count.
Remember, too, that when kids have trouble with math, it can make them feel bad about themselves. Keep an eye on your child’s frustration level. Remind your child that other kids have difficulties, too, just like your child has strengths.