Language?
Search
Dyscalculia

# Skills That Can Be Affected by Dyscalculia

Dyscalculia affects a number of skills—not just math skills. Find out how dyscalculia can play out in your child’s everyday life.

Skills That Can Be Affected by Dyscalculia
Dyscalculia doesn’t just affect kids while they’re sitting in math class. From measuring cooking ingredients to remembering phone numbers, here are some of the key skills your child may be struggling with in the area of math.
Numeracy
What it means:
Being able to understand and work with numbers.
This affects the ability to:
• Count and make the connection between the word for a number and the quantity it represents (for example, four objects and the number “4”)
• Recognize and write numbers
• Sort things into groups by common characteristics
Calculations
What it means:
Being able to work out an answer to math problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication or division.
This affects the ability to:
• Recognize math signs for different operations
• Decide what math operation to use to answer a question or solve a problem
• Count money and figure out correct change
Memory
What it means:
Being able to take in, hold onto and recall information as needed.
This affects the ability to:
• Remember basic math facts
• Recall mathematical formulas
Grasping Math Language
What it means:
Being able to learn, sort through and use the vocabulary of math.
This affects the ability to:
• Understand key math concepts such as more than and less than
• Know what a word problem is asking for or to find a way to solve it
• Make sense of specific math terms and ideas
• Recognize “clue words” to help figure out what operation to use to solve a problem
Visual-Spatial Ability
What it means:
Being able to make sense of what the eyes see and to visualize concepts.
This affects the ability to:
• Tell left from right
• Read maps and recognize the same three-dimensional object when seeing it from a different angle
• Apply math skills to real-world situations
Measurement
What it means:
Being able to figure out the size, distance or amount of something.
This affects the ability to:
• Judge how much time has passed
• Read graphs, clocks or other picture representations of math concepts
• Use standard instruments of measurement, such as rulers or measuring cups

Amanda Morin is a parent advocate, a former teacher and the author of The Everything Parent’s Guide to Special Education.

## Reviewed by

Sheldon H. Horowitz, Ed.D., is senior director of learning resources and research at the National Center for Learning Disabilities.

## Chat With an Expert

Tue Sep 26 at 1:00pm ET