By Emily Lapkin
Beginning around third or fourth grade, your child is expected to be able to read a passage of text, understand it and answer questions about it. Here are the five skills needed for reading comprehension.
Once your child grasps the connection between letters (or groups of letters) and the sounds they typically make (phonics), he’ll be able to “sound out” words.
The process of sounding out words is also known as decoding. As decoding becomes faster and more automatic, your child can shift his focus from sounding out words individually to understanding the meaning of what he’s reading.
The ability to read whole words by sight without sounding them out is called “word recognition.” This speeds up the rate at which your child can read and understand a passage of text. This can be a challenging step for kids with dyslexia. Average readers need to see a word four to 14 times before it becomes a “sight word.” Students with dyslexia may need to see it up to 40 times.
Once your child can recognize most words by sight and quickly sound out any unfamiliar words, he can be called a “fluent” reader. Fluent readers read smoothly at a good pace. And they use the proper tone in their voice when reading aloud. Fluency is essential for good reading comprehension.
Fluent readers can remember what they’ve just read and relate the new material to what they already know. They can remember details and summarize what they understood from a passage. Kids with dyslexia might have a harder time remembering what they’ve read. This makes it tougher for them to understand and apply their new knowledge to what they’ve already learned. Find out what kinds of strategies can improve reading fluency.
Kids with dyslexia can have extra difficulty learning sight words. Some of these words don’t follow standard spelling rules, so they’re not decodable. Others appear so often that kids have to recognize them quickly to be fluent readers. These tips can make learning sight words easier.
For kids with dyslexia, it can be hard to deal with multi-syllable words. They may have trouble remembering and pronouncing them correctly. Here are ways to help your child with long words, whether she’s reading or having a conversation.
Bob Cunningham, M.A., Ed.M.
Jan 15, 2014
Jan 15, 2014
Dyslexia: What You’re Seeing
5 Ways Dyslexia Can Affect Your Child’s Social Life
Quiz: Test Your Knowledge of Dyslexia
Video: Researcher Luz Rello on New Technology to Help Dyslexia
The Difference Between Dyslexia and Auditory Processing Disorder
Dyslexia: What You’re Seeing in Your Middle-Schooler
This week is all about communication with your child and his teachers.
This chart shows key differences between the two laws.
Keep track of the progress your child is making, and questions to ask the IEP team.
A parent and a supportive reading specialist share their story.
Aug 30th at 12:00 pm
Check out these picks from the Understood community.
Kids with ADHD may have more trouble coping with grief than other kids. Find out why, and how to help.
This 12-year-old boy with ADHD never could stop moving his feet. Watch as he discovers his talent and passion: dance.
Help your child explore his future with this documentary and free discussion guide.
Sign up for your weekly email newsletter, for you and your family.
This email is already subscribed to Understood newsletters. If you haven't been receiving anything, add email@example.com to your safe-senders list.
Don’t worry—we saved what you wrote.
Sign up to get personalized recommendations and connect with parents and experts in our community.
Only members can view and participate in conversations.
Child’s nickname is private and only you can see it.