By Ginny Osewalt
Reading fluency is the ability to read quickly, accurately and with the right expression. Fluent readers understand what they read. Here are some strategies that can help your child become a better reader.
Read to your child to show what fluent reading sounds like. Choose stories and books that will interest her. Read naturally, with the right emotion or tone to match the words you’re reading. If you’re busy, you can also have your child listen to audiobooks as she follows along with the matching book.
Choose a short piece from a story or a poem, and read it aloud while your child listens and follows along. Then read just the first line of the piece and have your child read it back to you. Read the second line of the piece and have your child read it back to you. Continue until you have completed the piece. Repeat several times.
Choose a book or passage that is not too long and read it while your child listens and follows along. Then read the same book or passage several times together.
Choose a short book or passage of a book that is just a little above your child’s reading level. Have your child read it through. If your child doesn’t read a word correctly, or hesitates for longer than five seconds, read the word out loud and have your child repeat it. She should then continue reading. After you complete the entire reading, have her read it again three or four times over.
Passages that are meant to be read at a performance, like poetry, scripts, speeches and jokes are all great ways to develop reading out loud. After she practices all week, your child can “perform” for the family.
Choose a short piece at your child’s reading level and make a copy for yourself. Have your child read it out loud for one minute. Together, count up the number of correct words she read in that minute. Have your child record the result with a bar graph. Your child should read the same passage three or four more times. Continue to graph each result. Soon she will see that her speed and accuracy are improving.
Use praise to develop your child’s self-awareness. Use comments like “I love how you made your voice strong and loud so I knew what you said was important” or “You got all the words right. But it was hard for me to follow some of what you were saying because you read so fast.”
There are many teaching methods that can help struggling readers. The best ones for kids with dyslexia use an Orton–Gillingham approach. But teachers and specialists may use other methods to supplement their main instruction. Learn about these commonly used programs.
Multisensory instruction isn’t just for reading. It can also help kids with math issues, like dyscalculia. The use of sight, touch, hearing and movement can make it easier to understand what the numbers and symbols represent. Here are eight multisensory techniques for teaching math.
Ginny Osewalt is certified in elementary and special education, with experience in inclusion, resource room and self-contained settings.
Classroom Accommodations to Help Students With Learning and Attention Issues
At a Glance: Classroom Accommodations for Auditory Processing Disorder
Checklist: Questions to Ask About the School’s Reading Instruction
Programs That Are Influenced by an Orton–Gillingham Approach
At a Glance: Classroom Accommodations for Executive Functioning Issues
Teaching Strategies: What Works Best
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