|What they are
Changes to how and what students learn, aimed at helping them succeed in school. That might mean making progress or staying on the same learning level as their peers.
Help in specific areas such as speech or motor skills. Often called related services or direct services. Services provide the extra help kids need to benefit from general or special education.
|How kids get them
Different types of supports can be provided through IEPs, 504 plans and RTI.
Different types of services can be provided through IEPs, 504 plans and RTI.
|What they cover
- In an IEP: Specialized instruction (the unique special education instruction kids need to meet their IEP goals), accommodations and modifications.
- In a 504 plan: Accommodations and modifications.
- In RTI: Additional instruction in the general education classroom. (Not special education.)
- In an IEP: Related services like speech therapy, occupational therapy or supplementary aids, such as assistive technology (AT). Can also be special training of staff members who work with a student.
- In a 504 plan: Can be related services, but is more likely to be supplementary aids such as AT.
- In RTI: Small group instruction or one-on-one help.
Examples of changes in scheduling:
- Extra time for work or tests
- Breaks throughout the day
Examples of changes in setting:
- Small group work
- Quieter space
Examples of changes in materials:
- Fewer problems to do on a page
- Class notes provided
- Recorded lectures and audiobooks
Examples of changes in instruction:
- One-on-one teaching and tutoring
- Change in the difficulty or reading level of assignments
Examples of changes in how a student shows knowledge:
- Doing hands-on demonstrations
- Dictating answers
- Typing instead of writing
Examples of related services:
- Speech-language therapy
- Occupational and physical therapy
- Adaptive physical education (accommodations for gym class)
- Early identification and screening
- School health services
- Social work
Examples of supplementary aids and services: