Structured literacy requires explicit, systematic, and sequential instruction.
Explicit instruction: With explicit instruction, you make learning clear and straightforward for students. There’s no guesswork. You directly model a skill using multiple examples, and you verbalize your thought process at the same time. For example, you could use explicit instruction to show students how to segment a one-syllable word into individual sounds.
You also provide plenty of guided practice (working with students) and independent practice (having them work on their own). There’s a lot of teacher-student interaction with in-the-moment feedback.
Systematic and sequential instruction: With
systematic and sequential instruction, you teach skills in a logical order. Students learn and master easier skills before moving on to more complex skills. For instance, you would teach students how to blend two letters before asking them to find the blends in words.
The goal of systematic and sequential instruction is to make sure students have the knowledge they need to learn a new skill. Teachers who use this type of teaching also continue to practice and review previously learned skills.
Read more about
how structured literacy is different
from other approaches.