Accommodations are changes that remove barriers to learning.
Accommodations change how kids learn, not what they learn.
Your child can get accommodations through the teacher, or in an IEP or a 504 plan.
Kids with learning and thinking differences often face barriers to learning. For instance, if your child has
, she may not be able to sit still long enough to do math problems. If she has reading issues, she may struggle to learn history from a traditional textbook. Fortunately, there are changes in the classroom—called
—that can remove these barriers.
Read on to learn more about what accommodations are and how they can help your child.
What Accommodations Are
Accommodations are changes that remove barriers and provide your child with equal access to learning. Accommodations don’t change what your child is learning. Rather, they change how your child is learning.
Here’s a classic example. Let’s say your child is taking an American history class, but she struggles with reading. As an accommodation, the teacher lets her listen to an
audiobook version of the textbook.
By using an audiobook, she can learn history without her reading issues getting in the way. This has removed a barrier to her learning.
Accommodations don’t change what your child is expected to know or learn. They don’t lower expectations. Your child may use an audiobook in American history, but she’s still expected to learn about events like the Civil War. And she still must complete all assignments and take exams, just like her peers. The accommodation simply helps her work around her challenges.
This is what makes
accommodations different from modifications. A modification changes what your child is expected to know or learn. In American history, for instance, a modification may be that a child only needs to learn half of the material in the textbook.
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Types of Accommodations
Accommodations work best when they target a specific barrier or challenge. For instance, for the child who can’t sit still to do math, an accommodation may be frequent breaks. For the child who struggles to write out answers on tests, an accommodation may be to have her give answers orally. The accommodation matches the need.
Here are four categories of accommodations for different needs.
Presentation: A change in the way information is presented. Example: Letting a child with
listen to audiobooks instead of reading printed text. (See more
classroom accommodations for dyslexia.)
If you think accommodations may help your child, talk to her teacher. Often, the teacher may agree to
informal supports. These simple changes don’t require paperwork. It doesn’t take much, for example, for the teacher to move your child’s seat away from a noisy classroom door that’s distracting.
If your child needs bigger changes, however, you may want to seek formal accommodations. Under federal law, kids with disabilities have the right to equal access to learning. This means accommodations for their disabilities, which can include learning and thinking differences. To exercise this right, you must ask the school to
evaluate your child.
“Accommodations don’t change what your child is expected to know or learn. They don’t lower expectations.”
Just because an IEP or a 504 plan lists accommodations, however, doesn’t mean they’re always followed in the classroom. It’s still important to
check in with the teacher. And it’s important to talk with your child about how the accommodations are working.
Schools are usually open to providing accommodations. The bigger challenge is choosing the right accommodations and keeping track of which ones are most helpful.
If an accommodation is in place, but your child isn’t using it, find out why. Also, if your child gets accommodations on state tests, it’s important for her to use them regularly in class. This helps her get familiar with the accommodations.
Accommodations Outside the Classroom
Learning and thinking differences don’t just create challenges in school. They also affect everyday life. That’s why accommodations also exist outside the classroom. But instead of providing an equal opportunity to learn, they provide an equal opportunity to participate.
Some of these accommodations are provided informally. Often, though, there’s a specific process you need to follow to get them. Outside of school, kids with disabilities have a legal right to reasonable accommodations. To learn more, read
how the Americans with Disabilities Act protects your child.
Accommodations can be a powerful tool for helping your child by removing barriers to learning. Learn more: