By Erica Patino
You may already know that dysgraphia is a brain-based condition that makes the physical act of writing difficult. Understanding the terms your child’s school and doctors use can make it easier to help your child get the support he needs.
The ability to remember how to write a letter or word and then write the word or letter accurately. Children who have difficulty with orthographic coding will often forget how to form certain letters and may have trouble with spelling.
A condition in which writing abilities fall below what’s expected, based on a person’s age and intelligence. This term is used interchangeably with “dysgraphia.”
Difficulty putting letters and numbers in the proper order. Kids with writing difficulties may write letters and numbers backwards or out of order. This can lead to sloppy handwriting.
Short-term memory, or the part of the brain that temporarily stores information before you react to it. Children with writing difficulties may have trouble retrieving information from their working memory because so much of their energy goes into the physical act of writing.
A visual tool to illustrate and map out ideas before writing (sometimes referred to as concept maps or mind maps). Kids with writing issues might find graphic organizers helpful for outlining assignments before writing.
The abilities required to control small muscles, such as in the hands and feet. Children with writing issues typically have weak fine motor skills and find it hard to manipulate objects like pencils and scissors.
Trouble making sense of what the eye sees. Children with writing issues might have visual-spatial difficulties that make it hard to read maps or differentiate left from right.
Making sense of what the ear hears. Children with language processing issues may take longer to understand what they hear. When coupled with writing issues, language processing issues can make it even more difficult to translate what’s heard into writing.
Moving fingers in a particular order; for example, touching the thumb to the pinkie finger, then to the ring finger, and so on. Handwriting requires this ability, but word processing doesn’t. That’s why many kids with writing issues have an easier time typing than writing by hand.
It can be upsetting if your grade-schooler with ADHD frequently lies—even if you understand why she’s lying. Here are tips to help your child with ADHD build coping skills that can help her stop lying.
Kids who struggle with sensory processing issues can be highly sensitive to noise. This can make everything from grocery shopping to school fire drills a challenge. Your child’s clinicians can help find long-term solutions, but here are some in-the-moment ways to help your child cope with noise sensitivity.
Erica Patino is an online writer and editor who specializes in health and wellness content.
Sheldon H. Horowitz, Ed.D., is senior director of learning resources and research at the National Center for Learning Disabilities.
There was an error posting your reply.
Thanks for being a part of the Understood Community. Your comment will appear shortly, once it’s been reviewed.
*Please confirm you are not a robot.
The Difference Between Dysgraphia and Dyslexia
Skills That Can Be Affected by Dysgraphia
4 Ways Dysgraphia Can Affect Your Child’s Social Life
Quiz: Test Your Knowledge of Dysgraphia
8 Tools for Kids With Dysgraphia
The Difference Between Dysgraphia and Expressive Language Issues
See a unique collection of articles on music and learning and attention issues.
Looking for the right college for your child? Get expert advice on common mistakes parents make.
Find out when and how to have your child reevaluated by the school.
Hear from an expert on the genetics behind reading and math issues.
Sign up for weekly emails with helpful resources for you and your family.
This email is already subscribed to Understood newsletters. If you haven't been receiving anything, add email@example.com to your safe-senders list.
Name must have no more than 50 characters. Email address must be valid. Email message must have no more than 140 characters and cannot include the < > / \ special characters. Please fill out all fields and complete the reCAPTCHA to send a message.
*Please confirm you are not a robot.
Don’t worry—we saved what you wrote.
Sign up to get personalized recommendations and connect with parents and experts in our community.
Only members can view and participate in conversations.
Child’s nickname is private and only you can see it.