By the beginning of third grade, kids are expected to be able to do basic writing, editing, and revising.
They’re also expected to have mastered basic reading skills and start focusing on comprehension.
Third graders need to be familiar with three-digit numbers and know which of the digits is in the “ones” place and which is in the “tens” and the “hundreds” place.
Reading is a big focus in third grade. You may have heard people say it’s when kids shift from “learning to read” to “reading to learn.” To get ready for this, it’s important for kids to master basic “learning to read” skills, like
state’s academic standards
outline the skills kids are expected to know at each grade level. Here are some of the key skills kids need to learn by the end of second grade.
Skills to get ready for grade 3: English language arts and literacy
During second grade, kids keep building skills in
, and conversation. They learn to think about and summarize what they read in many different types of texts. This includes stories, articles, and books with multiple chapters.
Rising third graders are expected to know
how to collect information
about a single topic from a variety of sources and summarize it. They’re also expected to use editing and revising skills in their writing. Here are some ways kids build skills in these areas and get ready for third grade:
Read fables and folktales from different cultures and identify the central message, lesson, or moral in the stories
Read about science, social studies, and history and determine the purpose and main idea of these texts
By the beginning of third grade, kids start using
abstract thinking skills in math
. They’re working with three-digit numbers and using their understanding of place value (like knowing that the “3” in “357” is in the hundreds place and means “300,” the “5” is in the tens place and means “50,” and so on).
Place value is an important concept. It not only helps with addition and subtraction but serves as the foundation for the rounding, multiplying, and dividing that will occur in third grade.
Second graders keep working on addition and subtraction and start learning how to measure objects and shapes. By the end of second grade, kids are expected to be able to do activities like these:
Add and subtract numbers up to 100 to solve one- or two-step word problems
Add and subtract up to 20 using
strategies (instead of having to do the calculations on paper)
Understand the ones, tens, and hundreds place in a three-digit number
Start adding and subtracting three-digit numbers
Read and write numbers up to 1,000
Measure and also estimate length using inches, feet, centimeters, and meters
Solve problems using money values, like knowing that a dime equals 10 pennies
Divide circles, squares, and rectangles into equal portions (halves, thirds, quarters)