Skills That Can Be Affected by Dyslexia

By Emily Lapkin
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Dyslexia doesn’t only affect reading. It can make a lot of things hard for kids and adults. Here are some of the other skills and behaviors dyslexia can affect—some of which may surprise you.

  • Understand and follow directions

  • Repeat something in the right order

  • Remember words, phrases, names, and directions

  • Find the right word to say

  • Pronounce words the right way

  • Tell the difference between words that sound similar

  • Learn and use new words

  • Spell and use grammar the right way

  • Rhyme

  • Stay on topic

  • Understand jokes, puns, and sarcasm

  • Speak or read out loud with confidence

  • “Sound out” and pronounce words while reading

  • Get and stay interested in stories and books

  • Understand what’s read

  • Understand word problems in math

  • Write letters, numbers, and symbols in the right order

  • Express ideas in an organized way

  • Listen and take notes

  • Interpret body language and other social cues

  • Make and keep friends

  • Express feelings appropriately

  • Tell left from right

  • Build self-esteem

Learn more about how dyslexia can affect social skills. And see how it all can play out: Explore a day in the life of a child with dyslexia.

About the Author

About the Author

Emily Lapkin 

Reviewed by

Reviewed by

Sheldon H. Horowitz, EdD 

is senior director of learning resources and research at the National Center for Learning Disabilities.

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